Industrial development is still in the primary stage in Nepal. Although industrial development is considered as the backbone of the economy, its development has not been as desired in the country. Most industries are found to use excessive inputs during their processing / production and also generate excessive waste. The result is that the productivity is very low and the industries find it difficult to compete in the market. Productivity of an industry depends a lot upon attitude, knowledge and skill of its manpower. Among three stated factors attitude of the personnel plays considerable impact on industries productivity, quality of the products and working environment. Changing the individual’s attitude toward positive direction for better productivity and quality is a time taking and Herculean task. But,providing awareness and technical trainings from time to time effects a lot in changing the attitude of personnel of the industry.
Although energy is an important sector and there are great potentials to reduce the consumption by doing Energy Efficiency in the country, a lot needs to be done. Energy Efficiency, is the goal of efforts to reduce the amount of energy required to provide products and services. Reducing energy use is also seen as a key solution to the problem of reducing emissions. If energy is used in an efficient way, less energy is wasted during its usage. Nearly every energy transformation process has energy losses, to minimize these losses through better technology and optimal surrending conditions is the main idea of Energy Efficiency. According to the International Energy Agency, improved energy efficiency in buildings, industrial processes andtransportation could reduce the world’s energy needs in 2050 by one third, and help control global emissions of greenhouse gases.
Environmental requirements have become one of the primary considerations globally and Government of Nepal has also promulgated some environmental standards for industries and vehicles. These standards enforced stringently and now the general public not tolerated the polluting industries. International buyers of exporting industries already approve only environment friendly “green” products.
The working condition in industrial as well as other sectors of the economy is also poor resulting in unwanted accidents and occupational diseases for the labor force.Also, there is great need for the industries to improve on the quality of their products, if they are to survive and grow in the locally and globally competitive market.
Nepal is classified as a least developed country with a large fraction of population under poverty level. Among them, women and disadvantaged group of population are the most affected group. They find themselves deprived from the fruits of modern development. They need to be involved and their skill levels need to be upgraded such that they get gainful employment. This will, in turn, ameliorate the prevailing situation of lack of required skills posing a major constraint in the country’s economy both in formal and informal sectors.